If you have ever suffered from a sore throat, you know the feeling at your throat is not pleasant. You feel like you swallowed sandpaper that bruised your throat and you want to get rid of the sore throat as fast as possible. This feeling is accentuated by the accompanying symptoms such as fever, stuffy nose, sneezing or coughing. However, the symptoms of a sore throat are mainly determined by the cause of the sore throat.
Causes of sore throat
As we can see on FHW, there are a myriad of causes of a sore throat; you need to identify the cause of your sore throat so as to get the right medication and avoid prolonged pain. Some common causes of sore throats include:
Viral infections – these include colds or flu. In most cases, sore throats caused by a virus will be accompanied by other symptoms such as elevated temperatures, headaches, runny or stuffy nose, sneezing and fatigue.
Bacterial infections – otherwise known as strep, sore throats caused by bacteria have a characteristic whitening of the tonsils, swollen lymph nodes and a tell-tale fever. Most noticeable in these kinds of sore throats is a cough or runny nose. This differentiates bacteria caused sore throat from the one caused by a virus.
Sexually transmitted diseases – gonorrhea and chlamydia have been known to cause sore throats especially among the sexually high risk groups.
Fatigue – this could be the most surprising of the sore throat causes. When you are fatigued or the body is very tired, you develop a sore throat as a defense mechanism.
Irritants and injuries – Irritants are injuries are the culprits in sore throats that have lasted for more than a week. Common irritants include air pollution, smoke, air humidity, allergic reactions, and acid from the stomach. A puncture or wound at your throat will also cause a sore throat.
Treatment of a sore throat
Most sore throats are easy to get rid of using home remedies for throat infections or using over the counter drugs. However, the more severe and persistent of sore throats needs highly specific medication. Here are remedies for different forms of sore throats:
Antibiotics – these are best for bacterial caused sore throats
Viral medication- sore throats caused by viruses are best treated by gurgling warm salty water over a period of time and resting. Some sprays are also available over the county for relieving pain.
Rest – this is perhaps the best treatment to all illnesses. Giving your body some rest will allow it to heal and recover even without any sore throat medication.
The persistence of a sore throat will determine whether you need to see a doctor. Whereas there are home remedies for throat infections, persistent and severe sore throats should be looked at by a doctor. This is because sore throats could be a symptom of a bigger underlying issue which will need a doctor’s diagnosis for treatment. It is also important to note that wrong treatment of a sore throat will not get rid of a sore throat. Identify the cause correctly for the proper medication.